King Richard the Lionheart – Quintessential English King


Richard_coeur_de_lionKing Richard I, or Richard the Lionheart is often portrayed in books and movies as the quintessential English king.

He was indeed King of England and his heraldic banner, the “three lions” is considered to be the embodiment of England and the English monarch.

However, there is a dark secret to this “English” king.

In this article I will reveal the truth with the real facts about Richard the Lionheart!

What Does It Mean To Be English?

Being English myself, I have always had an interest in what makes the English, well, English.

Despite having a not so happy childhood, I still feel proud to be English as well as proud to be British (and no, they are not the same thing).

I’m not talking about the mere facts of where we were born, or what we do.

What is it that really defines an Englishman, as opposed to a Scottish or Welsh man (or woman)?

There have been books written about the subject, but nobody seems to have a proper answer.

Instead, we have some strange and interesting portrayals in books and movies of characters like Richard the Lionheart.

They seem to point to something beyond ourselves but the stories are almost entirely legends, with very little bearing on reality.

Richard Coeur de Lion:

Let’s start with his name, shall we?


We know him as “the Lionheart”, but this is just a translation from the French ‘Coeur de Lion’.



richard_lionheartedHe earned this nickname by fighting a lot, getting a reputation for being a great leader, fierce in battle.

Son of Henry II, he was born in England, so you would think that made him English.

However, his father Henry was the son of Geoffrey of Anjou and Matilda.

Matilda was a grandchild of William ‘The Conqueror’ who of course, was Norman.

So, Richard was really French by ancestry, not English, or at least one of the smaller French kingdoms (or ‘Duchy’) that existed in those days.

Richard the Lionheart Lived In – Aquitaine?

While Richard was King of England, he was also Duke of several Duchies in France, including Aquitaine.

When he wasn’t on crusade, this was his favourite place to be, perhaps because that was where his mother was from.

The rest of the time, er yes, he was on crusade.

Much of his life was about fighting, trying to kill Saladin or getting captured and then pardoned by the Pope.

He hardly ever visited England and even if he did, he couldn’t speak the local language!

Three Lions:

Richard’s heraldic banner was the famous 3 lions and they have stayed with us into modern times.

They are yellow on a red background and have been adapted for other uses, such as the 3 blue lions on a white background as found in the England National Football team badge.

One of the best modern examples of their use in popular culture is the “3 Lions” song by Skinner and Badiel, which was written for the 1996 European Football Championships and later re-recorded and released for other tournaments.

Birth Of A Legend:

So where does this legendary figure of Englishness come from then?

Mostly from the 16th century, and mainly due to that other legend which grew legs rather longer than reality: Robin (of the Hood, not Batman!) – another very English character.

Early stories of Robin Hood make no mention of Richard, but it seems that from the 16th century onwards, the idea that Robin was a supporter of the king became popular.

In modern times, Walter Scott’s novel “Ivanhoe” popularised the idea further, by again mentioning Richard in connection with Robin.

This idea has so taken root that these days almost every Robin Hood movie features King Richard in some way or another, even if he is just a brief mention.

As you’re no doubt aware, in most of these stories Robin is busy robbing the rich with his merry men, while trying to fend off the evil Prince John, the Sheriff of Nottingham et al.

King Richard is either away on crusade for the duration, or turns up at the end to save the day.

The important thing here is that it makes everyone feel it was all worthwhile and above all, hooray for the English!


Cashland Launches Luxury Basics, A High-End Collection of Casual Chic Wear for Comfort and Class


Last 20th of May, 2016 saw the official online launch of CASHLAND, a clothing store specializing in pieces made from high quality North American fabric. Established in 2001, Cashland’s premium collection, Luxury Basics, aptly summarizes the brand’s exceptional blend of casual exclusivity – select designs made from high quality textiles to maximize comfort and durability without compromising value.

The Luxury Basics line features comfortable tops and bottoms suitable for at least four solid styles (if not more): sporty, trendy, casual, and street. The beauty of the Luxury Basics line furthermore lies in its versatility – mix and match their pieces, depending on the situation, and one will have an outfit ready for just about any situation. Whether one is into hip hop apparel or like rocking the trendy street-wear style, CASHLAND’s clothing is sure to impress.


Simple gets a touch of trendy chic with CASHLAND’s Luxury Basics crew-neck shirts. Made of 96% French terry cotton, these soft, breathable fashion pieces feel like true luxury against the skin. Available in black, navy, grey, and white, CASHLAND’s crew-neck shirts also feature a front pouch pocket and also 10-inch side seam zippers. For Simple Sams that believe fashion should not compromise comfort or mobility, the Luxury Basics line is chock-full of treasures like these.


A fresh blend of French terry cotton and spandex, CASHLAND’s hoodies are perfect for strolling through the park, meeting up with friends on a lazy Sunday morning, or just hanging around town. Pairing them up with shoes and bottoms won’t be a problem, as CASHLAND’s hoodies come in solid, soothing colors like black, navy, grey, and white. For those looking for hip hop apparel online, check out CASHLAND’s Luxury Basics hoodies. These are available in both long-sleeved and short-sleeved options to suit any style.


For the type who loves transitioning between Gym Day to Day Out With Friends easily, CASHLAND’s Luxury Basics Slim Jogger Sweatpants are their best bet. They are made of 4% Spandex and 96% French terry cotton, making movement in these – whether walking down the street or hitting the treadmill – 100% unhindered. They’re the perfect addition to any collection of gym clothes or chalk it up as hip hop apparel and let loose at the dance club – the options are endless. These are available in black, grey, and navy blue.


Looking for heavy-duty apparel without looking too bulky? Steer clear of the cargo pants with CASHLANDS’s Luxury Basics jogger sweat shorts. With the same terry cotton and Spandex ratio as their jogger sweatpants, one gets the same comfortable, luxurious feel with the added bonus of more breathing room (thanks to their length). Available in grey, black, white, and navy blue, they’re sure to look stunning paired with practically anything.

CASHLANDS’s Luxury Basics jogger sweat shorts feature six pockets, two back welt pockets, relaxed seat (for those lazy lounging days) and double zip pockets on both sides – perfect for keeping valuables safe during moderate to intense movements. Visit this site for better understanding of Jogger sweat shorts.

Aside from the items in their premium collection, CASHLAND has their own branded line. This collection features long-sleeved hoodies, hooded T-shirts, crew-neck shirts, and more – all bearing the CASHLAND logo. For those who need a splash of color or a touch of design in their casual chic ensemble, this collection is sure to delight.

To know more about CASHLAND and what they have to offer, visit


Twelve Undeniable Facts About Mobile Application Developers


Mobile Application development is a relatively young and budding technical section. As the variety of smartphone users is increasing day by day so is the requirement for mobile application development. Mobile programs development is a complicated procedure as compared to web development and consequently requires considerably more expertise and experienced resources. Nevertheless, there are some elementary development aspects that must be followed by mobile apps development companies while creating apps for their clients.

Clients Should Understand What they Want: The first and foremost obligation of the project lies with the client. Clients should understand exactly want they want from their Mobile application. Clients should clarify the functionality and characteristics they want it the application. Questions like how the application will act, what’ll be the target audience etc should be clear in the mind of client. As the final anticipation from the app would be to generate or help in generating sales for the organization therefore clients should have clear cut marketing strategy to generate maximum return from their investments.

Programmers Should Understand Clients Requirements: The mobile application development firm should make sure the clients requirements are clearly understood before they start the development procedure. It is crucial to work on the precise vision of the client and deliver a product that meets all the conditions of the client. The look of the program, the design, distinct attributes even the minutest details must be clarified before plunging into the development period. Mobile apps development is a costly business therefore it’s the obligation of service providers to make certain that clients receive maximum worth of their money.

Go for Cross Platform Applications: There are three leading mobile platforms i.e. i Phone, i Pad and Android. Besides this blackberry and Windows Mobile additionally have a fair share in the marketplace. We recommend you check out this site for more information about mobile application developers list. Clients should always try and go for cross platform mobile applications that are at least compatible with i Phone, i Pad and Android platforms. Cross-platform compatible mobile apps development increases the market for the application by at least 3 times. Such apps may be somewhat costly but if you compare them with another application for each platform then it is far too affordable.

Proper Project Management from the Programmers End: The most important part in job development is the management. Proper and effective management is the most crucial condition for successful project delivery in any category. The relevance increases in the mobile application development segment as it’s a fairly new and complex technology which demands a managed development environment. Any unmanaged or poorly managed complexities will later result in a lousy solution that WOn’t fulfill customer’s requirements. Additionally, it will also cause delays in project delivery which is something that neither the client nor the service provider wants. Seasoned supervisors can easily beat such situations and deploy a satisfactory mobile alternative to the client.

There are many more technical aspects that must be taken care of while developing mobile programs but these were the fundamental aspects of mobile application development that must be followed rigorously. Customers can include or exclude the cross platform compatibility aspect depending upon the client’s requirements.


CPAP cleaner And Sanitizer Secrets Revealed


If you have sleep apnea, you understand that your CPAP machine is the only tool that will determine if you may spend your day cranky and drowsy or concentrated and cheerful. This is why you should wear it nightly. This is also a good reason why you should take care of your CPAP machine.

These machines last, typically, 12 to 14 months. But if properly cared for, the machine can continue several years. And since they’re not just the cheapest equipment there’s, you might want to make sure they function you for many of years. The following are excellent tips which will help you care for and preserve the optimum performance of your machine:

It is necessary to wipe the entire mask and the external part of the machine every day. Other parts of the machine, however, need not be cleaned daily. The tubing, pillow, mask frame, and other components will need to be cleaned once a week. The same is true for the filters of the machine. If the filter is the non-disposable kind, you will have to replace it every six months. Sample more sources on clean cpap mask tubing here. The disposable filters must be replaced when they’ve turned dark. Additionally, if you’re using a rental machine, you might have installed bacterial filters, also. These filters must be replaced every 10 to 14 days.

The mask, its framework, and the pillow can be handwashed with warm soapy water. Use a detergent that is mild. It’s also advisable to avoid using quite strong cleaning agents, for example bleach, alcohol, solutions with chlorine, and other household cleaners. After washing these components, make sure the you let them air dry. They should also never be dried under direct sunshine. Before putting them back together, make sure they’re not damaged.

It is also potential to use the dishwasher when washing these parts of the CPAP machine. Again, it it best to use a light detergent and to air dry the parts away from direct sunshine. When you assemble the components that you have cleaned, you must be cautious so as not to damage them.

You can also wash the tube in warm soapy water. Before putting it back on again, you must make sure that it has no holes or splits. Any damaged part that you see must be replaced right away.

As for the filters of the CPAP machine, cleaning them once a week is also significant. These foam filters make sure that you don’t inhale dust and pollens in the air. It’s possible for you to wash the froth with mild detergent and squeeze it under running water until it becomes light-colored again. We recommend you check out this site for more information about cleaning cpap mask tubing. If your machine will not have disposable filters, you would still have to eliminate them after half a year.

There are machines with disposable filters and these have to be replaced after 3 months. If you see them begin to get dark in color, you’ll need to replace them immediately. This ensures that you’re breathing only clean air while you’re asleep.


Understanding CPAP Cleaner


CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) machines are the most commonly used devices to treat breathing disorders like Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

The function of the CPAP machines are to restore your quality of breathing by allowing continuous airflow through your airways without having the restrictions brought on by Sleep Apnea, therefore removing interrupted breathing while sleeping.

CPAP machines are devices that modulate the amount of air pressure that’s released in order to open your airways while sleeping. The number of atmosphere that is released continuously is determined by your doctor upon conclusion of your sleep study. If you need to know more about cpap cleaner, go to this page.

These consist of the following parts: the CPAP machines itself, at least a six foot hose, power cord, at least one or two filters, and instruction manuals. The mask will not be included generally, and will need to be purchased individually. It really is not uncommon for a producer to additionally contain a case for your machine. Replacement parts are also available for purchase if needed. All CPAP machines use distilled water only. Hence, when traveling whether it is a cruise, or airline, only make sure you take the needed measures to be able to take it including distilled water with you as most airlines will not allow it. And, speaking of traveling, don’t stress too much about taking it with you as they also come in a little journey sizes, and are simple and convenient to transport. You can take whichever you like.

The difference between the CPAP and APAP machines is that the CPAP permits the same amount of pressure constantly to ensure the opening of the airways, and is generally set at the highest setting, whereas, the APAP changes pressure automatically delivering minimal pressure. We suggest you learn more about so clean 2 cpap cleaner sanitizer on this site.

The BiPap or Amount machine uses two distinct pressure settings for each patient. The BiPap machine is used to treat more serious respiration afflictions than Sleep Apnea. Unlike the CPAP that supplies a constant flow of air pressure to clear the airways, the BiPap detects just how much pressure is needed for the person to receive an adequate supply of air during inhalation and exhalation.


Learn About Boarding Schools Without Investing Too Much Of Your Time


What makes a boarding school distinct from a normal school? The answer is simple: when you’re in boarding school you remain in there instead of going home. You spend the night there. This is something everyone knows. But what not everybody understands is that when you’re in boarding school you make lots of buddies. You live together with you buddies which makes the friendship even more intense.

You are a lot closer to your teachers and the staff of the association. It almost feels like you are one big happy family. If boarding pupils have any trouble, school related or personal, they always have the ability to go to one of the teachers or someone of the staff because they are going to be happy to be able to help. That is why they are there off path.

The life in a girl boarding school or a boy boarding school differs a lot from the life in a mixed one. Studies have shown that the social life and academic results from students in a single sex boarding school are much better than those of a mixed one.

Among the reasons for this is that there’s less pressure in the classes and the children can focus much better when they are in separated classes. But in blended one the courses are combined. This website has a lot of information regarding haandbold efterskole. The boarding life of the separate schools also differs from the tasks they’re doing. Students from a interracial school get involved in all actions, whether these are especially for boys or especially for girls.

The life in boarding school for troubled teens differs from all the other boarding schools. Life in these schools are commonly much stricter due to the rules the pupils need to mind. These schools have these strict rules to teach troubled teens regard. Occasionally troubled teenager’s are special military schools. In these schools the students will be taught how to work in team, have discipline and leadership. Additionally the catholic rules are stricter. Here the staff attempts to educate them the manner of living allowing the rules of the catholic faith.

Although some specialized boarding schools have some different rules and another way of learning, the life of the schools is essentially the exact same. Pupils attend classes, eat together, and sleep in dorms where they normally need to share their room with another student of the association.

Boarding school is a great expertise and the principles you may learn there will help you farther in the remainder of your life.


Help With Buying Aircraft


If you’re purchasing an aircraft for sale, there are several matters which you should consider so that you make your investment in the proper place. Purchasing aircraft isn’t simple, since it is among the quite uncommon and among the priciest investments which any man makes. If a wrong selection is made, it means a huge loss not to mention the hassles involved in such investments and selling off this kind of aircraft once more. Thus, when you plan to buy an aircraft for sale, you must make sure that you are checking every aspect of the aircraft which makes it fill for sale.

One of the most significant matters which you should consider in any aircraft that is available for sale is the state of the aircraft. This doesn’t mean that the aircraft must be in the best of states, but you have to ensure that the aircraft for sale doesn’t look untidy and quite old. Check its outsides in addition to insides very well so that you can have an idea about the upkeep of the aircraft and how much you might must spend on the aircraft and its upkeep. Should you not have much idea about aircraft and distinct parts of the aircraft, it is best if you get the aircraft checked by a specialist machinist who shall let you understand the state of the aircraft and shall alert you in case of any damage which might prove to be very expensive for you later on.

Whenever you choose to buy a used aircraft for sale, do not forget to take a look at the important documents related to the step. This is one of the leading matters which you are able to consider when you are choosing used aircraft because after the entire process of picking and assessing any aircraft, you find that the files are not in order, it might be really quite tiresome and difficult for you. Thus, have a look at the original documents first such as maintenance logs, license certificates and other significant documents which are associated with the available aircraft for sale. For in-depth information on airplane for sale go to this website.

You should also make a comparison of the different prices charges by the sellers so that you’re mindful about the price of such available aircraft for sale. In case you are making online search for aircraft, making comparisons becomes considerably easy and convenient also – hence, when making huge investments like that in aircraft, it’s always recommended to make on-line searches. It shall enable you to comprehend how much you’re being charged for the aircraft and whether it’s actually right. There are many sellers which charge uncommon cash from the buyers for such aircraft. Thus, in case you are a first-time buyer, it is always recommended that you carry out a small amount of market research so that you’re alert to the prevailing market conditions and the price charged by buyers. The greatest way to ensure that you are not deceived is by being a little conscious.


Digital Advertising Fundamentals Explained


Many Internet users turned amateur internet marketers believe that they comprehend the fundamentals of Internet marketing, yet many make crucial mistakes which can change not only their page rank in the search engines but also damage their online reputation and deter potential customers.

The difficulty for most Internet marketers is that they are not trained in marketing fundamentals, so for them the Internet isn’t an additional channel to be added to a holistic view of marketing communications, it becomes instead a world in itself. As buzzwords for example ‘Search Engine Optimization’ and ‘keywords’ flood the online vernacular, new marketers pick these up and attempt to execute Search Engine Optimization strategies with no clear understanding of either online marketing principles or marketing communications in a broader sense.

A great digital marketing course will provide a ‘how to’ in handling online and digital communications effectively, and should also get new online marketers thinking about ways to use digital technologies beyond simple keyword stuffing and links. To exploit the power of new media, savvy marketers know they should connect with the customer and provide an encounter in which the customer feels interactively connected to the brand somehow. There is a lot of content on this website talking about

Poor online content will do little to attract new company and may actually damage relationships with existing customers. Managing communications online is only different than other media channels in that it offers a new degree of immediacy and action than existed in the past. Where telethons of the 1980s such as Live Aid tried to create a buzz and sense of public participation through phone technology, this can be done faster now using the net. Crowds can watch events in real time and participate in online ‘chat’ behaviors as events unfold.

A good digital marketing course should provide an overview of the area of online marketing within the broader marketing mix and should offer a rundown on consumer behaviors, present and future trends and social networking sites such as Twitter and Facebook. Social networking has reached a stage where it can change public policy and offer leading corporates a reason to be concerned about the impact of citizen journalism.

A digital marketing course WOn’t usually supply the tools to develop websites or write code for online use; these are highly technical abilities which are best left to those who are willing to dedicate significant time to learn in detail. What the course should provide, nevertheless, is an understanding of what consumers are searching for online, how to structure information for an online audience and what variables might be turning off subscribers.

People spend a lot of time on the web, connected to their mobile phones and iPods and only ordinarily engaged in interactive interests through the power of digital technology. Read more articles about Digital Altitude on this website. Web surfers aren’t passive and readily manipulated; they’ll resent marketers who entice them with false promises only to deliver mindless advertising messages with no connection to their query. Readers desire simple to read copy, with useful links where appropriate, and a bright and cheerful looking page.


Digital Advertising: Help And Advice


There are several digital marketing courses accessible both online and in colleges and universities. However, before you learn more about these courses, let us understand what digital promotion is all about.

Digital marketing is a business practice of promoting brands with the aid of interactive media like the Internet and mobile phones. This method markets products and services with the help of several digital distribution channels in order to reach consumers in the most cost effective fashion. Besides proving to be a cost effective, digital marketing is, in addition, a timely and personalized approach to reach prospective customers.

Digital marketing is about the user having to seek, hunt, and pull out content with the aid of Internet browsing. Do you want to learn more about Digital Altitude? Check out this page. Some examples of pull digital marketing are websites and steaming media (i.e. the use of audio and video). This kind of marketing has no restrictions when it comes to regulations, type or size of content. The only negative here is that the webmaster would need to use significant marketing effort to find users interested in his content. Besides the tracking abilities are restricted too. There is also no personalization attached to this kind of marketing and the page views seem similar to all.

Push marketing involves both the marketer and the crowd. Some examples of drive marketing comprise e-mails, SMS and RSS. In push digital marketing, the marketer has to send the content to the user so that he receives the message. This form of marketing is personalized and can be used for special targeted audience. The tracking and reporting too is more in-depth consequently helping drive better earnings for the webmaster. The only disadvantage of using this type of marketing is that the technology has a set of regulations to follow. In case it does not follow the regulations the delivery of the marketing messages is blocked and the content too is refused and rejected.

Digital technology is transforming the way in which business and marketers perceive and approach their customers. If you too want to join your marketing initiatives with IT technology then begin trying to find the ideal digital marketing courses, right now.

There are several digital marketing lessons that use innovative digital media and IT technology to help one prepare for marketing their services and products. The course together with its theory and practical facets helps one gain good understanding of marketing principles and other relevant specialist areas. Some specialist marketing training areas include International business, Marketing ethics, Brand direction and Digital media.

All you have to do would be to study the areas that interest you the most and search for a course that fulfils your requirements. Digital marketing classes enable you to reach the essential skills so that you could get maximum livelihood prospects forward. To get more information on, go this website. Once you’re qualified as a digital marketer, you would easily get a rewarding job in the fields of public relations, marketing, brand management, internet and e marketing, market research and marketing management.

Some Universities within the US that offer exceptional digital marketing classes are: University of San Francisco, Sacramento City College and Full Sail University. You may also access online marketing lessons that are available on the internet.


Answering Questions About Digital Marketing


The ability to use social media to interact with and engage people, build an audience, and let others know about your style or brand is truly becoming an essential digital skill for everyone. For people, this skill can enable you to acquire a job since it provides companies and organizations a window into your personality and interests. It is also a testament of how informed you are in relation to new social technologies.

The great news is that content marketing is a skill that can be learned today. There are now various organizations and institutes that offer training courses that will allow you to master this skill.

Although distinct organizations offer various kinds of training classes, in general, they instruct students or participants techniques that can help them level the playing field through the tactical use of content marketing. These classes also provide thoughts and techniques on the best way to correct or tweak inefficient content marketing strategies. Furthermore, training programs of this type also educate participants techniques that can help them dominate search engines with their content and the way to accurately quantify their worth and degree of success.

A lot of people can take advantage of content marketing training classes. Below are some of the people who can specifically benefit from these classes:

For content managers and creators, composing content is only the beginning. This website has detailed information regarding Digital Altitude Aspire Review. Under the proper training program, they are able to learn just what makes the difference between coming up with good and great content. They can also get advice on how exactly to generate bunch-sourced content so that they’ll locate their blogging sweet spot, the way to create a content marketing strategy or plan, and how exactly to handle everything involved in content publishing and promotion on the different social media platforms.

Specialists in this field generally get all their knowledge and abilities in marketing and PR from conventional or formal instruction. To be more competent and successful in their market, they constantly must be up to date. And this means learning new online-based marketing and PR skills and techniques.

Under this kind of training course, marketing and PR professionals will acquire knowledge and skills that will allow them to design and implement successful content marketing strategies for their customers. They can also use these new abilities and techniques for the betterment of their own business as well. If you want more information about Digital Altitude Aspire, we recommend this website.

Lastly, company leaders and supervisors may also reap the benefits of this course since they will attain a better understanding of the best way to properly and efficiently manage their content marketing strategy. This type of training course may also supply them an objective view which will help them make the correct choices as they direct their departments and organizations in terms of content marketing.